what the producers showed in January
Vendors had almost no rest in January and were preparing new products. Among them are 24-core Intel processors, servers for working with large language models, 3.36 PB SDGs and other devices. It’s time to continue our traditional server hardware review column and get to know the new products more closely. Details below!
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Intel and AMD unveiled their new desktop processors at the Consumer Electronics Show CES 2024. You can read more about it in the review article, and below are the brief specifications.
AMD Ryzen™ 8000G
TDP for all processors is 65 W.
Intel Core 14th
ASRock Rack has announced servers made in 1U and 4U form factors to work with one Ampere Altra Max or Ampere Altra ARM processor with LGA 4926 socket.
I note that processors compatible with this platform were released as early as 2021. Selectel offers similar dedicated ARM servers in a fixed configuration for rent
. You can also order a server with an Ampere Altra Max M128-30 processor
in the configurator
Such servers find their customers for various tasks, including those that require work with multithreaded programs.
If you are interested in hardware with ARM architecture, I recommend reading the series of articles from Selectel on Habra:
Gigabyte presented servers with two LGA 4677 sockets designed to install Intel Xeon Scalable 4th (Sapphire Rapids), Intel Xeon Scalable 5th (Emerald Rapids), and Intel Xeon CPU Max Series processors.
The first model is a storage server
is positioned to work with large language models (LLM). The platform is made in a 1U form factor, 32 connectors for DDR5 RAM are available. Power supply is provided by two BP 80 PLUS Titanium with a power of 1600 W each.
The main feature of the server is 32 bays for hot-swappable E1.S NVMe SSD drives in the front. The solution allows you to organize ultra-fast storage for LLM data processing.
The second solution is a GPU server
, which can be installed up to eight video accelerators (PCI-E, Dual slot). The platform is designed for training and inference tasks of generative AI, 3D modeling, and the creation of high-performance HPI clusters. 4U form factor, four 80 PLUS Titanium power supplies on board. Similar to the 1U server, installation of up to 32 DDR5 memory sticks is supported.
The disk baskets are represented by eight 3.5″/2.5″ NVMe/SATA bays and four 3.5″/2.5″ SATA bays – and all of this is hot-swappable. There is one slot for M.2 format drives.
In our line of dedicated servers, there is a similar solution from Supermicro in the form of configurations with two, four or eight Nvidia A100 GPUs connected in pairs by NVLink bridges. The servers also have a 25 Gbps LAN for creating high-performance clusters.
In 2023, I talked about the start of sales of SSD drives
in U.2 and E1 form factors for storage with a large amount of data. The size of the disks at that time did not exceed 30.72 TB.
In January, Solidigm started selling a similar device with a capacity of 61.44 TB. The device is also available in U.2 and E1 form factors, uses a PCIe 4.0 x4 interface and 192 layers of 3D QLC NAND flash memory. DWPD is 0.58, read speed is up to 7000 MB/s, sequential write speed is up to 3000 MB/s. The operating temperature range is from 0 to +70 °C.
On our Selectel dedicated servers, the maximum NVMe drive available for customer order at the time of writing is 15.36TB.
SSD NVMe M.2 Team Group
The TeamGroup company presented a new line
industrial SSD drives
in the M.2 2280 form factor. The maximum capacity of P745 series drives is 4 TB. The products are positioned as industrial solutions for data centers that are suitable for artificial intelligence tasks with high loads.
The disks use 112-layer 3D NAND chips and an eight-channel controller, the data exchange interface is PCIe 4.0 x4 (NVMe 1.4). In addition, the drives are equipped with a DRAM buffer for fast processing of I/O operations. The declared speed of reading and writing reaches 7000 and 6200 MB/s, respectively.
TeamGroup has also developed a unique cooling system for these SSDs based on graphene with a ribbed structure. This system provides effective heat dissipation, which allows you to reduce the temperature of the drive by 10-20% compared to conventional SSDs.
SSD NVMe SSSTC
Solid State Storage Technology Corporation, a subsidiary of Kioxia, has announced its first
ESG-SSD CVC drives
. They are designed for industrial and commercial use in servers and devices operating under severe conditions.
Drives are available in three form factors: SFF, M.2 2280 and M.2 2242. The capacity depends on the execution and is 128, 256, 512, 1024 and 2048 GB, respectively. The devices can operate in the temperature range from -40 to 85 ° C, the DWPD for three years is equal to one. The read speed reaches 550 MB/s, and the write speed reaches 510 MB/s.
I wrote about the new product Seagate SkyHawk AI with a capacity of 24 TB, and in January the company presented two more new products.
The first is HDD disks
with a volume of 30 TB on the new generation Mozaic 3+ platform in the LFF (Large Form Factor) format with ten plates of 3 TB each. The drive operates at a spindle speed of 7,200 rpm and consumes only 0.35 W/TB, significantly lower than previous models in the Exos series.
The Mozaic 3+ platform is designed for the production of hard disks using HAMR (Heat-Assisted Magnetic Recording) technology. It includes a number of innovations aimed at increasing the density of data storage. Among them is the use of “overlattice” plates made of iron-platinum alloy, which increases the magnetic coercive force of the carrier and allows reducing the bit size while maintaining the stability of information storage.
Another key feature is the plasma recording device, which includes a nanophoton laser and a quantum antenna. Laser pulses are focused on the surface of the medium with a recording density of up to 35 nm, heating the area to temperatures of up to 400 °C within a nanosecond. This allows you to achieve a high density of data recording and improves disk performance. The use of such technologies will allow increasing the capacity of disks to 50 TB.
The second novelty from Seagate is a hard drive
IronWolf Pro ST24000NT002
with a capacity of 24 TB. The device uses traditional magnetic recording (CMR) technology and is made in the LFF format. The drive is equipped with a SATA 3 interface, and its sealed chamber is filled with helium to improve performance. The speed of rotation of the disk is 7,200 rpm, the amount of cache is 512 MB, and the declared MTBF (mean time between failures) is 2.5 million hours.
The drive is designed for a load of up to 550 TB/h, the maximum data transfer rate is 285 MB/s, and the operating temperature range is from +5 to +65°C with an average power consumption of 7.8 W.
The device is intended for use in network attached storage (NAS) with any number of baskets.
The Nexsan company introduced the Unity NV6000 SGS. The device is made in a 4U form factor, has 60 slots for SSD drives with a SAS interface, each of which can hold up to 15 TB of data. The total “raw” storage capacity can reach 1 PB. You can also connect two 60-drive expansion shelves, each of which can hold up to 20 TB of data, increasing the total storage capacity to 3.36 PB.
The SHD is equipped with two active controllers and has 128 GB of RAM for each. Various protocols are supported, including SAN (Fibre Channel and iSCSI) and NAS (NFS and CIFS).
Let me remind you that at Selectel we use OceanStor Dorado as a product for customers who can rent both a part of the LUN and a dedicated device in its entirety.
Liquid cooling systems
Aligned is one of the latest market participants to offer the DeltaFlow platform for high-density liquid cooling equipment. In the top version, the DeltaFlow technology allows you to increase the density of placement of computing power up to 300 kW per rack, in the simpler version – up to 50 kW. This is all thanks to the integration with the Delta Cube air cooling technology without changing the temperature or the power supply.
DeltaFlow is a turnkey solution for current and future liquid cooling technologies. It supports direct-to-chip cooling, rear-door heat exchanger (RDHx) cooling, and immersion cooling. The system does not use outside air or water.
When using such systems, the main parameter will be economic efficiency. This is with a limited range of tasks that require such a density of high-power servers per rack. As a rule, these are GPU servers and supercomputers for artificial intelligence tasks or high-performance clusters.
For the first month of the year, January did not leave us without news, and I, readers of the Selectel blog, without a digest. We burst into February and review the new devices in the world of server equipment.
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