The oldest stone tools in Europe were found in Transcarpathia

The oldest stone tools in Europe were found in Transcarpathia

Found in Transcarpathia the oldest tools in Europe, which are approximately 1.4 million years old. These are the oldest known artifacts in Europe, providing insight into how and when human ancestors first arrived in the region.

The corresponding study was published by the scientific journal Nature.

The results of the study support the theory that these early “aliens” – probably representatives of the species Homo erectus – came to Europe from the east and later spread west.

Roman Garba, a co-author of the study and an archaeologist from the Czech Academy of Sciences in Prague, emphasized that until now there was no convincing evidence of the migration of human ancestors from the east to the west, but now they have appeared.

Véronique Michel, a geochronologist from the University of the Cote d’Azur in Nice, noted that prehistoric sites that confirm the presence of human ancestors in Europe more than 800,000 years ago are extremely rare.

“This new study adds another piece to the puzzle of early hominid dispersal in Europe,” she said.

Until now, fossils and stone tools found in Spain and France were considered to be the oldest precisely dated evidence of the existence of hominids in Europe. Their age is from 1.1 to 1.2 million years.

Ancient tools were first discovered back in the 1980s at the Korolevo archaeological site near the border of Ukraine and Romania – but they could not be accurately dated then. For this purpose, Garba and his colleagues used a dating method based on cosmogenic nuclides – rare isotopes formed when high-energy cosmic rays collide with chemical elements in minerals on the Earth’s surface. Changes in the concentration of these cosmogenic nuclides can show how long ago the mineral was buried.

By calculating the ratio of specific cosmogenic nuclides in the sediment layer where the tools were buried, the team estimated that they must be 1.4 million years old. The dating analysis, according to Michel, “appears to be very reliable.”

The age of the finds leads researchers to believe that they were made by Homo erectus, the only ancient humans known to have lived outside of Africa around 1.4 million years ago. What’s more, the tools from Korolevo are similar to those that archaeologists previously discovered in the Caucasus Mountains: also related to Homo erectus, but dated to about 1.8 million years ago.

However, Mads Knudsen, one of the study’s leaders and a geologist at Aarhus University in Denmark, claims that no fossilized human remains were found in the Korolevo artifacts. That is why it is impossible to say with certainty that these tools were made by Homo erectus.

We will remind you that recently Argentine archaeologists discovered the oldest rock paintings in South America in a cave in Patagonia. About 8,200 years ago, humans began to draw comb patterns – probably as a way of responding to stress.

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