Microsoft has released detailed instructions on how to download and install Linux on a PC

Microsoft has released detailed instructions on how to download and install Linux on a PC

Microsoft has released detailed instructions for all users on how to download and install Linux on a PC (How to download and install Linux) as part of the development of its information portal called “Linux Resources at Microsoft” and to continue active work with the Open Source developer community.

“Linux is an operating system similar to Windows but with many different versions because it is open source and fully customizable. To install Linux, you need to select an installation method and a Linux distribution,” Microsoft explained.

According to the step-by-step instructions from Microsoft, Linux can be installed in four stages, each of which includes several steps, depending on the options for using this OS.

At the first stage, you need to choose the installation method. Microsoft explained that users can choose between using the WSL subsystem, bare metal, a virtual machine, a local installation on a PC, or an OS image installation in the cloud.

At the second stage, Microsoft explains the principles of choosing a suitable Linux distribution (Ubuntu, Debian, Kali Linux, OpenSUSE, etc.), recommending to take into account previous user experience, computer performance, the breadth of the ecosystem of a particular distribution, and the availability of detailed documentation. Microsoft recommends visiting Linux.org to help you decide which Linux distribution to use.

In the third stage of the Linux installation, Microsoft explained how to create an installation USB drive (using the example of Ubuntu Desktop) with a description of the software tools for this, as well as the installation processes in cloud environments and on a virtual machine.

In the fourth stage, Microsoft recommends updating the OS, offers advice on working with package managers and additional software for Linux.

In September 2023, Microsoft released Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) 2.0.0 with a set of new experimental features. It includes “mirror” network mode, as well as automatic memory and disk cleaning.

In September 2022, Microsoft and Canonical teamed up to add systemd support to the Windows Subsystem for Linux, allowing more compatible applications to be installed.

Other Windows and Linux projects

The BugCheck2Linux tool allows you to continue working on your PC in a Linux console after a Windows Blue Screen of Death (BSOD). The BugCheck2Linux project extends the current capabilities of running executables with a post-BSOD error check callback to run an emulation of another OS on the screen.

The iVentoy 1.0 tool allows you to install Windows, WinPE and various Linux distributions on a PC over the network. This is a continuation of the Ventoy open source project for multiloading OS images. The developers explained that iVentoy is an “extended version” of the PXE (Preboot Execution Environment) server, where you can host bootable images of various OSes and then install them on client computers on a local network. They clarified that they specifically made an easy-to-use and configuration-free tool for system administrators.

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