Europe will save the world from AI, the Kaspersky smartphone will have programs, and Sony will have virtual buttons: news digest

Europe will save the world from AI, the Kaspersky smartphone will have programs, and Sony will have virtual buttons: news digest

In the European Union, a law that will make artificial intelligence safe is almost ready. States are proposed to be limited in controlling people with the help of AI, and corporations in extracting profits. Meanwhile, Yevhen Kaspersky announced his smartphone, and the Yandex section is paused (again). The most important events of the week are in our digest.

Kaspersky about a smartphone on its OS: “This thing is better than a push-button phone”

Development of KasperskyOS began 21 years ago, and beta testing by partner companies began in 2013. This is a microkernel operating system for the development of IT products with increased requirements for cyber security, reliability and predictability of work. It was created from scratch, without the use of third-party libraries and code.

Yevhen Kaspersky in a recent interview told Forbes, how is the work on the smartphone on its operating system. The device itself is already on the way, but its functionality “does not draw on the ecosystems that have already been built by Google or Apple.” There are still very few programs, at the first stage it is not a B2C gadget at all. It is focused on segments where safety is important: transport, energy, industry.

The program store will appear next year. And for now, there is a goal to transfer the smartphone to a chipset from a Chinese manufacturing company. Because the current manufacturer of boards for the device (Kaspersky does not name the company) “does not provide documentation”.

Get your domains from GoDaddy before the end of the year

A large American provider of hosting and domain registration services GoDaddy stops work with users who may be in the Russian Federation.

Until December 31, you can transfer domains to another registrar and somehow take the rest of your content, which will be unavailable after that date.

From February 1, 2024, only hosting providers registered in the Roskomnadzor registry with mandatory identification of their customers will be able to work in Russia. FastComet services have stopped working in the country since October, Hetzner will stop working on February 1.

There is information on the network that in order to continue using GoDaddy services, you need to change the address in the account to a non-Russian one, but we in the editorial office did not check this advice, and we do not recommend it.

Russian brands of unfriendly companies will be protected by a new law

Recently, the scandal that broke out around Carlsberg Group trademarks, including Baltika, may seriously change Russian legislation.

A special procedure for agreements with foreign companies will be extended to intellectual property objects upon their departure from the Russian market. The “Baltic Case” showed that now, if a foreign firm leaves Russia by selling its assets in the country or transferring them under state control, it can sell the rights to its trademarks, patents, technologies and other intellectual property to third-party companies from other countries.

He appeared in December bill on strengthening control over the transfer of rights to intellectual property objects. If the law is adopted, foreign companies will not only have to sell their brands (trademarks, patents, etc.) to their Russian divisions when exiting the market, but will also have to do it at a price favorable to the latter. The special commission, experts assume, will agree only on deals beneficial to the Russian market. It is cheaper for domestic enterprises to buy out such controversial objects of intellectual property. And all this will not apply to companies from countries that are not considered “unfriendly”.

The European Union is ready to curb artificial intelligence around the world

In the European Union formulated general principles of the law on the regulation of II for 2.5 years of work on it. The law itself has not yet been adopted. “They agreed”, “reached an agreement”, “agreed”, carefully write the media. The press knows how conservative and leisurely the European Union is in regulating new technologies.

But, anyway, this law is considered the first almost realized attempt to comprehensively and generally regulate the use of artificial intelligence technologies with an emphasis on reducing risks and potential harm to people.

First of all, legislators want to deter threats to fundamental human rights. Including health care, education, state services, border protection. Separately, the intention to ban everything that carries an “unacceptable risk” is worth mentioning.

“High-throughput AI systems” should be defined and subject to stricter regulations, human control, and requirements for higher quality training datasets.

Users will need to always communicate that they are interacting with an algorithm, not a human. Deepfakes and other generated content must be labeled as such.

Providers of certain AI services (insurance, banking, etc.) will have to undergo a special audit on whether the use of AI will violate people’s rights.

Developer companies must disclose information about the data on which the models are trained. And also information about the safety and energy efficiency of these models (“while training one model, the same amount of electricity is consumed as 100 American homes consume in a year”).

The European Union plans to establish a special regulator, the European AI Office. It should be not just a European, but a global regulator responsible for implementing artificial intelligence restrictions around the world.

The control mechanism includes a panel of independent scientific experts who will assess the risks and fines: from 1.5% to 7% of the company’s sales worldwide, not just in the EU, depending on the size of the organization and the severity of the violations.

The following practices will be strictly prohibited:

  • changing human behavior with the purpose or risk of causing psychological or physical harm by influencing the subconscious mind or exploiting vulnerabilities related to age, physical or mental disabilities (example: voice-controlled toys that encourage dangerous behavior in children);

  • construction of a social rating by state organizations based on behavior, socio-economic status or other characteristics, which leads to unfavorable or harmful treatment of certain groups of people;

  • remote biometric identification in real time in public places for the purpose of protecting law and order, except for the purposeful search of a criminal or prevention of significant threats.

Huawei and Xiaomi quarreled over a folding smartphone

Huawei and Xiaomi arranged a public scandal surrounding the technologies for the implementation of a folding smartphone One of Huawei’s top managers said at a public event for users that their hinge design was stolen from Xiaomi. The latter responded with a counter-accusation of defamation and misleading. The corporation claims to have patented its hinge in January 2021, five months before Huawei’s similar hinge.

The conflict between Chinese technology leaders took place against the background of the growing popularity of foldable smartphones and intensifying competition in the market. By 2027, it will sell 50 million devices per year, although now this is only 1% of all gadgets sold. It already accounts for 5% of the wholesale revenue, since they are more expensive.

In 2019, Samsung became the pioneer of folding smartphones of the new generation, releasing the Galaxy Fold. In 2023, Google joined the trend with its Pixel Fold.

One of the main technological challenges in such devices is reducing the bulkiness of the folding area, as well as optimizing its other parameters (hinges should not loosen and break from many openings and closings). Corporations are looking for new materials and design options for hinges and patenting successful solutions.

Sony invented virtual buttons on game joysticks

The company that gave birth to Playstation, patented non-existent buttons on game controllers. The development is declared hardware-independent, not tied to specific devices or hardware platforms.

The technology involves the use of many different sources of information about the user’s gestures, which can be interpreted as button presses. Artificial intelligence will be trained on such data to understand what the user wanted to click. For training, not only, for example, movements of a finger on the surface of the controller, but also sounds caused by a microphone and video recorded by cameras will be used. The patent describes the collection of data from the controller’s various sensors.

Judge overturns dead colleague’s verdict on record patent infringement damages: Cisco wins

US District Judge Elizabeth Haynes canceled judgment in Centripetal Networks v. Cisco Systems patent infringement suit for network security technology. Cisco will not have to pay a record $2.7 billion in compensation in US history (actually, $1.9 billion in compensation plus royalties).

The verdict in favor of Centripetal Networks was handed down in 2020 without a jury by US District Judge Henry Morgan. The Court of Appeal overturned this decision on ethical grounds. It turned out that Morgan’s wife owned $4,688 worth of Cisco stock. Morgan later died, and the Court of Appeals remanded the case for Federal review. Judge Haynes ruled that Cisco’s patents did not infringe.

Yandex’s division is slipping again, “foreigners” cannot invest in Russia

We continue to monitor the process of splitting Yandex. Western investors did not like another option for investors to buy shares in the Russian subsidiary company separated from Yandex NV, because for them it is a “prohibited new investment in Russia.” Forbes figured it outWhat options are currently being considered, which of them are beneficial for investors, which for Yandex, and which for the domestic technological and investment markets.

PS New Year’s raffle of a turnkey trademark and other prizes in our Telegram channel

Useful from Online Patent:

→ What is the Register of domestic software?

→ Free online search of Rospatent and Madrid System databases (available after registration).

→ Can a foreign company enter its program into the Register of domestic software?

→ How IT companies can maintain zero VAT and enter the Register of domestic software

→ How to patent a technology?

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